Time zone: GMT +2 in winter and GMT +3 in summer.
Country dialling code: 00372 or +372.
Plug socket: type F, with voltage of 230V and frequency of 50Hz.
Estonian public holidays
- 1st of January: New Years day. Usually a very quiet day after celebrations.
- 24th of February: Independence day. Celebrated with the military parade in the morning and festive family dinners in the evening.
- Good Friday and Easter Sunday. Commonly known as lihavõtted or munadepühad in Estonian. Celebrated by spring time (dairy based) treats, eggs and folk festivities.
- 1st of May: May Day. The night before (Walpburg night) is celebrated with parties and witchcraft.
- 23rd of June: Victory Day. Celebrating decisive battle (1919) during the War of Independence
- 24th of June: Midsummer Day. Commonly known as Jaanipäev. Celebrated with bonfires, different events and festivities taking place all around Estonia. One of the most important dates in a year for Estonians.
- 20th of August: Day of Restoration of Independence. Celebrated with national festivities, events and family gatherings.
- 24th of December – 26th of December: Christmas.
Most shops, banks and restaurants are open on public holidays –25th of December and 1st of January are the only days when most businesses are closed.
Weather and climate
Weather in Estonia is very seasonal. The average summer temperature is fairly mild, varying between 16 and 20 degrees Celcius, but can reach up to 30 degrees Celcius. Summer in Estonia tends to be very light, with 19 hours of daylight known locally as the "white nights".
Spring and autumn see frequent light rain so bring an umbrella and a waterproof jacket. In winter, the rain turns to snow and the temperature drops below zero, so wrap up warm. Weather forecast in Estonia is available at weather.ee.
Emergency number: 112
Reflectors are compulsory in Estonia, be sure to attach one to your clothes, purse, rucksack and bicycle pedals.
It is advisable to purchase a travel insurance. When travelling from Europe check if the provider of health care service has a contract with Estonian Health Insurance Fund. You should also get a free European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) before leaving. The EHIC isn't a substitute for medical and travel insurance, but it entitles you to state provided medical treatment that may become necessary during your trip. Any treatment provided is on the same terms as Estonian nationals.
Traffic and driving
Estonia has right-hand traffic and an extensive road system, the quality of which varies. The speed limit in the countryside is 90 km/h and 50 km/h in urban areas unless specified otherwise. While driving in Estonia, passengers are expected to wear seat belts and lights must be switched on at all time. Estonian laws against driving under the influence of alcohol are strict and follow a policy of zero tolerance.
Accessibility and transport
Estonia has a law, requiring service institutions to be fully accessible, and those not being able to follow the requirement (for example in Old Town due to the historic architectural restrictions), are usually staffed with friendly and very helpful people.
Public transport accessibility varies from town to town. Routes, schedules and tickets for cross country coaches are available on T-Pilet website. For train routes and tickets, please visit Elron's website.
In Tallinn, there are a number of buses and trams that cater for wheelchair users. Specific times and routes are available at soiduplaan.tallinn.ee. Transport card, also known as green card ("roheline kaart"), is available for purchase and top-up at the many kiosks located across Tallinn. Look for the yellow shop front of R-kiosk in Tallinn airport, Tallinn port, Tallinn bus station and Balti Jaam station.